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VPN vs Tor — which is better?

四月 15, 2020
By 四月 15, 2020 #!31週四, 03 十二月 2020 12:18:07 +0000p0731#31週四, 03 十二月 2020 12:18:07 +0000p-12+00:003131+00:00x31 03下午31下午-31週四, 03 十二月 2020 12:18:07 +0000p12+00:003131+00:00x312020週四, 03 十二月 2020 12:18:07 +000018121812下午星期四=17#!31週四, 03 十二月 2020 12:18:07 +0000p+00:0012#十二月 3rd, 2020#!31週四, 03 十二月 2020 12:18:07 +0000p0731#/31週四, 03 十二月 2020 12:18:07 +0000p-12+00:003131+00:00x31#!31週四, 03 十二月 2020 12:18:07 +0000p+00:0012# No Comments
VPN vs Tor

VPN、Tor和dVPN真正有什麼分別?

The internet was not built to be private and secure by default. This means no matter what you do online, there’s always some new malware or cybercriminal trying to get to you.

In this VPN vs Tor vs dVPN comparison, you’ll learn just how good these security tools are when it comes to hiding your information and keeping you safe online. Learn the difference between TOR and VPN:

Want to skip the read? Check out this video where we sum up the VPN, Tor browser and dVPN solutions.

What is TOR - is TOR a VPN?

Tor is a privacy project that launched in 2002. It’s an open-source and free browser that enables anonymous communication online. It was first developed by Syverson and computer scientists Roger Dingledine and Nick Mathewson, who originally called it The Onion Router (Tor) project, due to its “layers” of encryption.

Tor browser and VPNs are similar in their aims but not in their technological approach. While both are great at hiding your identity and ensure your browsing activity is kept private and encrypted, there are certain advantages and disadvantages to each. That’s why using the two systems together is your safest bet for securing your digital privacy.

VPN vs Tor

Tor 如何運作

The Tor network utilises a system that was originally developed by the US Navy to protect intelligence communications. It “bundles” your data into smaller, encrypted packets before it begins routing these through its vast network of nodes, which can be run by anyone for free.

The chosen path is randomised and predetermined, and your traffic will pass through a minimum of three relay nodes before it reaches a final exit node.

每次使用者的流量通過中繼節點時,都會刪除一個加密「層」,從而顯示出應將流量發送到下一個中繼節點。 每個中繼節點將只能解密足夠的數據,以識別下一個中繼的位置以及在其上傳遞流量的那個中繼。

但是,出口節點將刪除最後一層加密。 它看不到您的位置或IP地址,但是如果您瀏覽不安全的網站(不是HTTPS的網站),則退出節點可以查看您的活動。

VPN vs Tor

VPN 如何運作?

A regular VPN seems much simpler, because a company simplifies everything with a nice user interface and additional features. You can run an app in the background, or connect through a browser extension, while you access sites around the world.

Your VPN provider will keep you hidden and encrypt all of your data, directing all your traffic to a remote server owned or hired by them. You can usually choose from a list of servers located across the world, so you’re able to access the internet via a secure and private connection, and unblock your content based on where a website is located. However, your protection has its limits, and you won’t be completely anonymous.

What is a dVPN?

A decentralized VPN mimics the architecture of Tor more closely, but has the same ease of use as a VPN. As a peer to peer system, you plug into a global network of nodes run by people voluntarily. Unlike Tor network, all nodes are paid for providing the VPN service and keeping the network powered and safe.

One example of this in action is Mysterium網絡. This dApp (decentralized application) allows people to select the connection from a list of available nodes (mostly providing residential IP addresses) from around the world. Traffic is encrypted and directed through the network, and users pay the provider for the minutes they are connected and the traffic they’re sending through those nodes.

But how do all these popular privacy tools really compare?

This breakdown explores the most important differences between VPN, Tor and dVPN, comparing new features, access, connecting speed, rewards and more.

For this comparison, we use Mysterium as an example of a dVPN, though there are other projects out there, each with their own technical approaches, solutions and advantages.

Network design

dVPN

A global collection of nodes (usually run in people homes) power a VPN network by sharing their bandwidth P2P in exchange for cryptocurrency. Anyone can easily become a node and also download the VPN app to select from a global menu of node IDs.

Tor

The main goal of Tor is privacy and anonymity. It’s a browser that anonymizes your web browsing by sending your traffic through various nodes in the Tor network, which can be hosted by anyone. Traffic cannot be traced as each node encrypts it and hides the source IP.

VPN

Not a network, but more a global, centralised service that uses dedicated data center servers around the world in hundreds of different locations. Centralized VPNs also allow P2P traffic on certain servers and can additionally provide Dedicated IP address, Double VPN, Onion Over VPN and connection to the Tor anonymity network.

How are nodes rewarded?

dVPN

節點根據供需確定自己的價格。這個獨特的小額支付系統利用加密貨幣支付,因此節點可以小間隔出售其寬頻,從而確保安全性和便利性。

Tor

Tor doesn’t have incentivisation. All nodes are operated by volunteers. This lack of incentivisation for nodes in the network has meant it remains relatively small (after 10+ years of development, it still only has 6500 exit nodes).

VPN

No rewards or incentive – centralized VPNs are businesses who own the infrastructure and charge customers for the service.

加入成為節點

dVPN

Anyone can run a node using their laptop, or even mini computers such as a Raspberry Pi. (In theory, even mobile devices can run one). Node runners can link their crypto wallet address via an easy to use dashboard, and track earnings.

Tor

任何人都可以創建和運行Tor節點。 但技術要求多種多樣,建議您不要使用使用者級別的路由來運行中繼(非退出)節點,因為這可能會使節點不堪重負。

VPN

VPN companies manage their own servers/exit nodes, so all setup and maintenance is done by company’s employees. By paying for the service, you get access to the VPN service, but do not help power it.

Costs & fees

dVPN

Users pay in cryptocurrency for only the bandwidth they consume on a pay-as-you-go model. Nodes earn cryptocurrency directly from users of this VPN service. They will pay a small fee to payment hubs for validation of their payments, similar to paying miners for processing transactions in a blockchain network. (Mysterium is currently free to use while in BETA)

Tor

Tor是免費使用的。

VPN

每月訂閱模式,而不是按需付費的結構。 有時,用戶甚至有動機提前支付3年的訂閱費用。

用戶安全

dVPN

As a fast and scalable security layer to reinvent privacy via VPN, it’s built so that different protocols can be plugged into the network.

A traffic slicing solution could send traffic to different services via different nodes. Thanks to Wireguard and OpenVPN protocols, it’s already encrypted, so even ISPs can’t view what is in there.

Tor

While Tor has better privacy properties, offers protection via anonymity, it’s not risk free. Your ISP can still see that you’re connected to Tor. This could lead to surveillance, as US government agencies (FBI/NSA) are constantly trying to crack Tor and discover its users web activity. Note that installing Tor is not illegal, but if you’re looking at things you shouldn’t, keep in mind arrests have been made in the past linked to Tor users’ browsing activity.

The owner of an entry node will be able to view your real IP address. After this node hides your address, the rest of the nodes will no longer know who you are or what sites you visit. The last node will see what you’re looking at, but not your identity. This presents some risks when using the network, but in terms of fully private internet access, it is the best available option at the moment.

VPN

Traditional VPN services route all their customer’s data through a remote server, hiding IP addresses and encrypting all incoming and outgoing data. For encryption, they use the OpenVPN and Internet Key Exchange v2/IPsec technologies in their applications. One 一家公司承認,由於暴露了過期的內部私鑰,他們的服務器遭到了黑客攻擊,這可能使任何人都可以仿製自己的服務器。

Additionally, a VPN exit node knows a user’s IP, destination addresses, and in many cases (because of fiat payments) even user’s identity (name, email, etc.). If that destination is not encrypted (e.g. not using HTTPS), they can see the content you’re accessing, which may compromise your security.

記錄政策

dVPN

No centralized logs! The distributed architecture removes any technical possibility for collecting or storing logs centrally.

Tor

Some hypothesize that a number of nodes are run by malicious actors (eg. the NSA) who could potentially control enough nodes to effectively track users. The network itself is unable to store logs, however a Tor entry and exit node may be able to see your activity or IP address, but actually piecing the information together to identify you would require a lot of effort.

VPN

In theory, a centralized VPN *could* keep logs of a user’s activity, but many state they are committed to a zero-logs policy. However, nobody can be really sure that they’re not cooperating with governments or not selling user’s browsing data to 3rd parties.

節點安全

dVPN

Mysterium允許用戶僅選擇白名單流量,旨在保護節點。 但是,節點可以選擇接受任何類型的流量並增加其獲利潛力。 他們很快就會通過使用註冊的身份和信譽系統,從網絡中識別並阻止不良行為者。

我們目前正在研發一種流量切片解決方案,該解決方案將允許節點運行者預先選擇他們願意通過其節點運行的流量類型,例如社交媒體,博客,流媒體等,而其餘流量可以轉發到Tor中。 或被拒絕。

Tor

運行節點可能會有風險,因為作為出口節點,您可能會收到大量不可靠的出站流量。 作為出口節點具有最高的法律風險和風險,因此您不應該在家中運行節點。 您的ISP可能會斷開您的服務,並且您可能會收到來自不同當局的一些來信。

VPN

集中式VPN承擔所有安全和法律風險,因此節點受到保護。

使用方便

dVPN

Simple apps can be used on desktop or a mobile device.

通過簡單,用戶友好的控制板面,只需5分鐘和5個步驟即可設置新節點。 有一個知識庫和支援團隊可以為您提供幫助。 with all relevant guides and information, and support team on hand to help. Users will need to have some basic understanding of cryptocurrency, and how to keep it secure. An Ethereum wallet is easy to set up and you can receive payments any time.

Tor

任何人都可以下載並安裝Tor瀏覽器以連接到互聯網(類似於任何其他瀏覽器)。

However, browsing is quite slow (as all your traffic has to pass through numerous nodes first). Its practical usability suffers (e.g. not being able to unlock media content) but this drawback is the exchange for better anonymity and protection. A Tor relay must be able to host a minimum of 100 GByte of outbound/inbound traffic per month.

VPN

Many VPN services offer apps or browser extensions for instant security. Some VPNs have features such as smart algorithms that can automatically choose the best server for you based on location, time, or your special requirements.

You can use a VPN because they’re easier to navigate, allow convenient payment methods (eg. via credit card) and have 24/7 user support. However, they may slow down your speed and don’t always have unlimited streaming options.

 

可擴展性

dVPN

與大多數P2P基礎結構一樣,加入網絡的參與者越多,網絡就變得越強大。

Mysterium的小額支付系統是一種自主研發的第2層解決方案。它旨在處理大量的用戶和事務,從而使網絡快速且可擴展。

Tor

Tor is currently used by a couple million people. Due to its distributed nature, the network can (in theory) grow larger. However it would require a much higher number of nodes. Unfortunately, despite its millions of users, Tor has not had huge growth in nodes due to its being a free service run by volunteers. Without incentivisation for nodes, it can only grow so fast.

VPN

The service depends on high bandwidth throughput and fast connection speeds to provide an optimal service for customers. Often use multiple tunneling protocols to ensure their network can scale and can adapt to various needs.

兼容性

dVPN

Mysterium – Android devices, macOS, Windows, Linux for desktop. Apps for iPhone coming soon.

Tor

Tor for Android, Windows, Mac, Linux and as a separate tab in Brave browser.

VPN

Currently offers the widest choice for connecting; Android, Windows, Mac, iOS, Chrome/Firefox extension, Linux.

開源?

dVPN

Yes — always transparent and collaborative from Ground Zero. Check out Myst codebase.

Tor

是的-開源先驅。

VPN

No – centralized VPNs are proprietary and closed source. You can only imagine what they do with your collected data stored in their servers.

Decentralized?

dVPN

當然啦!

Tor

是的,但是它不使用區塊鏈進行支付。

VPN

不。去中介?

Network Status

dVPN

In the case of Mysterium, the testnet has 900 residential nodes, with more than 500 live at any given point.

Tor

約 6500個出口節點。

VPN

取決於VPN供應商的規模,但是最大的VPN供應商可以在59個國家/地區提供5200多個伺服器。

那Tor或VPN-為什麼不同時使用呢?

Tor and VPNs/dVPNs are complementary solutions, so they can work together to enhance your privacy and security even more.

有兩種將Tor與VPN合併使用的方法:

VPN on Tor: connect to the Tor browser, then use a VPN. This is a more complex method as it requires some manual configuration. As your VPN server acts as the final exit node, Tor’s own exit nodes will not be able to peel back the final layer of encryption to reveal your activity. While your ISP can tell that you’re using Tor, it wouldn’t be able to trace you and keeps your IP address hidden from your VPN service.

通過VPN使用Tor: Connect to your VPN, then use Tor browser. Your VPN will encrypt your traffic before it enters the Tor network, and also hides your IP address. It also hides the fact you’re using Tor from your ISP. However, if your VPN provider chooses to keep logs, it can see that you’re using Tor. This is why it’s best that you use a decentralised VPN, which cannot keep user logs.

Both Mysterium and Tor can be pieced together to ensure full privacy coverage and secure internet access. One of Mysterium’s most considered features is to extend our whitelisting in such a way so that your traffic would only exit via a Mysterium node’s IP, while the rest would be forwarded throughout the Tor network. In this way, Mysterium users will get to unblock content, and our node runners will not risk unwanted content passing through.

 

how to build a blockchain app

宏觀

Decentralized privacy networks like Mysterium and Tor are grassroots, open source technologies who have managed to grow large community-driven platforms without any corporate backing or support.

However, we have one point of difference; while regular VPNs offer to protect you for a price, we believe the fight against surveillance and censorship is a shared one.

Regular VPNs do nothing to address the infrastructural flaws of the internet, instead they apply a quick fix solution. We want to rebuild the internet itself, creating people-powered networks that are immune to corporate or government control.

In the case of Mysterium, our trustless, P2P payment network (currently on testnet) will be the first of its kind. It allows users of our global, distributed VPN to pay each other in short and frequent intervals, whenever they “rent” a VPN service from each other. We believe this is the missing link for current privacy solutions – mutual incentivisation, and the goal of restoring the internet to its former glory.

Tor helped kickstart this grassroots anonymity revolution and now the dVPN industry is taking it even further.

You can try dVPN apps for Android. You can use Tor browser for android.

試試我們免費的dVPN Android應用程式。 您還可以決定要使用哪個用於Android 的Tor瀏覽器。 .

Check us out our Github or join our Discord to ask our developers any questions directly. 

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